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Python vs. Java: Which to Learn as a Full Stack Developer

When it comes to programming languages, there are numerous options available. Python and Java are two of the most popular, and each has its own set of benefits and drawbacks.

Although Java is more popular than Python, this does not imply that it is superior. In fact, there are some cases where Python is the superior choice.

You can get prepared for your job interviews with the Full Stack Developer course, as both Python and Java are much needed to land a great role at a decent company.

Let us begin by defining Python and Java.

Programming Language Java

Java is a mature and well-established language that has been around since Sun Microsystems first released it in 1995. It’s well-known for its scalability, stability, and performance. Java is a popular choice for building backend systems and is frequently used in large enterprise applications. It is also used in Android app development and has a variety of libraries and frameworks to aid in web development, including Spring, Hibernate, and JavaServer Faces (JSF).

Python programming language.

Guido Van Rossum created Python, which was first released in 1991. It is well-known for its ease of use and simplicity. Python has a large and active community that has helped to develop many libraries and frameworks, including Django, Flask, and Pyramid. These frameworks make it simple to create web applications that are both quick and efficient. Furthermore, Python is widely used in data science and machine learning, making it an excellent choice for projects involving data analysis and visualization.

Before we begin the comparison, let us define what a full stack developer is.

What exactly is a Full Stack Developer?

A full stack developer is a software developer who is skilled in all phases of software development, from the front-end user interface to the back-end databases and servers. A full stack developer typically possesses a diverse set of skills in a variety of programming languages, frameworks, and technologies.

A full stack developer can work on both the client-side (front-end) and server-side (back-end) components of a web application. They are typically proficient in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for user interface development, as well as one or more programming languages such as-

  • Python, 
  • Java, 
  • Ruby, 
  • or C# 

For back-end logic development and database connectivity. They are also familiar with front-end web development frameworks such as React, Angular, and Vue.js, as well as back-end frameworks such as Django, Ruby on Rails, Express.js, and Spring.

Full-stack developers are also familiar with web development technologies like APIs, web services, and database management systems. They are also familiar with deployment, hosting, and server administration.

What Are the Differences Between Java and Python?

Java is well-known for its stability and performance, but it is also more verbose and complex than Python. Python, on the other hand, is well-known for its ease of use and simplicity, but it may not be as efficient or performant as Java.

The following are some key difference between Python and Java:

1. Syntax

Java’s syntax is more verbose and complex than Python’s, which is known for its simplicity and readability. Python’s syntax is more natural language-like, making it easier to learn and use. Python has fewer lines of code than Java for the same functionality.

2. Speed

Because the source code is compiled to bytecode and runs on the Java Virtual Machine, Java is generally thought to be faster than Python (JVM). Python is an interpreted language, which makes some operations slower.

3. Typing

Static typing is used in Java, which means that variables must be declared with a specific data type. In contrast, Python employs dynamic typing, which means that variables do not need to be declared with a specific data type and can change at runtime.

4. Concurrency

Concurrency is built into Java, making it easier to write multithreaded and parallel code. Python has a Global Interpreter Lock (GIL) that prevents multiple threads from concurrently executing Python bytecode, making it less efficient for concurrent operations.

5. Frameworks and libraries

Java and Python both have a large number of libraries and frameworks that can be used for a variety of tasks, including web development, data science, and machine learning. However, the Java ecosystem is larger and more mature, with a diverse set of libraries and frameworks such as Spring, Hibernate, and JavaServer Faces (JSF). Python has a large and active community that has helped to develop many libraries and frameworks, including Django, Flask, and Pyramid.

Which language should you learn first, Python or Java?

Two of the most popular programming languages are Python and Java. Here are a few things to think about when deciding between Python and Java:

  • Python may be a better choice if you’re new to programming and want to learn the fundamentals of programming concepts and logic.
  • Python is a great choice if you’re interested in data science, machine learning, or scientific computing because it has a large number of libraries and frameworks that are specifically designed for these tasks.
  • If you’re interested in web development, both Python and Java have a variety of frameworks available, including Django and Flask for Python and Spring and JavaServer Faces (JSF) for Java.
  • Java is the primary language for developing Android mobile applications if you are interested in doing so.
  • Java is a popular choice for enterprise applications and big data because it is widely used in these fields and has a large and mature ecosystem.
  • According to Indeed.com, the average salary for a Python developer in the United States is $116,807, while the average salary for a Java developer is 106,630. As can be seen, Python developers are paid more.

Finally, it’s not a matter of one being superior to the other; both languages have their own strengths and weaknesses, and it’s beneficial to understand both. You can begin with one and progress to the other as your experience and knowledge grow.

Begin Your Full Stack Development Journey!

Today’s businesses rely on agile product development processes. As a result, top organizations are always on the lookout for talented candidates. Given the fierce competition, excellent Python full stack developer courses and Java full stack developer courses are critical. Cyber Success has created a comprehensive course that covers basic and advanced concepts such as Manual Testing-Agile, Advanced Selenium, and Database Testing.

Aspirants can use full stack developer course to create software and web-based applications using the widely used Java programming language.

Conclusion

Python and Java are both widely used programming languages by all major technology companies. Currently, Java full stack developers hold the majority of jobs in the software industry, but this may change in the future. As more businesses adopt Python as their primary programming language, more opportunities for Python full stack developers will emerge.

Regarding your career options, you can begin with one and then progress to the other as you gain more experience and knowledge.

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